How do domain names work?
A domain name is the location of your website that people type in the browser’s URL bar to visit your website.
A domain name when entered into your browser, in the first instance the computer will check its cache to see if it has previously requested that domain. If not, it will then contact the local DNS server (usually provided by the internet service provider (ISP)). If, again, there are no records of this domain name in the ISP cache, then the computer will next need to locate the name servers associated with that domain.
Domain names are important, as they allow computers to find the server where your website hosted. Website data can then recovered from that server, permitting users to access your site on their browsers.
All domains have at least two Name servers such as NS1.EXAMPLE.COM and NS2.EXAMPLE.COM
For Example- if your website is hosted on NexaHost, then its name server information will be like this:
Those name servers are computers controlled by your hosting company. Your hosting company will send your request to the computer where your website is stored.
The web server now fetches the web page and parts of information connected with it.
Finally, it then transfers this data back to the browser.
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